The year 2023 has been confirmed as the hottest year on record, according to the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S). This announcement comes as a United Nations official condemned inaction at the COP28 climate summit.
C3S confirmed that 2023 will be the warmest year globally since records began in the 19th century. This year surpassed the previous record set in 2016. November 2023 became the sixth record-breaking month in a row, making it practically impossible for the trend to change before the end of December.
The global average temperature for 2023 is 1.46 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) warmer than the pre-industrial era, with two days warmer than 2C (3.6F) above pre-industrial levels. This marks the warmest year in recorded history.
At the COP28 climate summit, UN climate chief Simon Stiell criticized nations for “posturing” and called for negotiators to aim high and agree on a way to end the “fossil fuel era as we know it”. The fate of oil, gas, and coal has been a major point of contention at the summit, with divisions around their future dominating the conference.
The latest draft text for a global climate agreement is expected to be finalized on December 12, the last day of the summit. However, the current draft is described as a “grab bag of wish lists and heavy on posturing”. The main sticking point has been whether to agree to “phase out” or “phase down” fossil fuels.
Phasing out fossil fuels and scaling up renewable energy is seen as crucial to the world’s goal of limiting global warming to 1.5C compared with pre-industrial levels. Climate experts have warned that the Paris deal’s 1.5C threshold could be breached within seven years if emissions are not slashed.
C3S head Carlo Buontempo emphasized the need to reduce greenhouse gas concentrations to prevent further rises in temperature and mitigate the impacts of heatwaves and droughts. As long as greenhouse gas concentrations continue to rise, the temperature will keep rising, and so will the impacts of extreme weather events.
In conclusion, the confirmation of 2023 as the hottest year on record underscores the urgency of taking decisive action to address climate change. The COP28 climate summit provides an opportunity for nations to come together and agree on measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and transition to renewable energy sources. The outcome of the summit will be critical in determining the trajectory of global efforts to combat climate change and limit the impacts of rising temperatures.
World, Environment, Weather