Rio de Janeiro declares emergency over dengue before carnival


News Team

The city of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil has declared a public health emergency due to a dengue outbreak. This announcement comes just before the start of the Carnival celebrations, a major event in the city. Since the beginning of 2024, there have been over 10,000 cases of dengue reported in Rio, nearly half of the total cases recorded in the entire year of 2023.

In response to the outbreak, the municipality has taken several measures to address the situation. This includes the opening of 10 health care centers, the establishment of an operations center, and the designation of hospital beds specifically for dengue patients. Additionally, the authorities will be using “health carts” in areas with high numbers of cases to spray insecticides into the air.

Dengue is a viral infection that is transmitted through mosquito bites and is common in tropical climates. The frequent rains and warm climate in Rio create ideal conditions for mosquitoes to breed and for dengue outbreaks to occur. This is not just a problem in Rio, as four other states in Brazil have also declared public health emergencies due to dengue.

To address the growing number of cases, the Brazilian air force has set up a 60-bed field hospital in the Federal District to care for dengue patients. The goal is to relieve the strain on medical care units in the region, as 20% of dengue cases in the country are in the Federal District.

Most people who contract dengue do not develop symptoms, but those who do may experience fever, headache, body aches, nausea, and irritated skin. While most cases improve after about a week, there are more severe forms of dengue that can be fatal and require hospitalization.

The World Health Organization has linked climate change to an increased risk of dengue, as higher temperatures and heavier rainfall create favorable conditions for the spread of the disease. This highlights the need for proactive measures to address and prevent dengue outbreaks in the future.

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World, Travel, Health

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