Heat waves are prolonged periods of high temperatures that are above normal. In Lima, temperatures have exceeded 30°C during the day and 24.7°C at night, leading to extreme heat and the risk of heat stroke. It’s important to know how to prevent and combat the effects of heat waves.
During periods of extreme heat, the thermal sensation increases due to excessive humidity. This combination can deteriorate air quality and cause complications in people with pre-existing medical conditions, making heat waves a significant health risk, especially for vulnerable groups such as older adults, young children, and people with chronic conditions.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends three simple steps for dealing with a heat wave: stay cool, stay hydrated, and be informed. To stay cool, wear light, loose clothing, use electric fans, take cold showers, and limit outdoor activities during the hottest hours of the day. When outdoors, seek shaded areas and exercise carefully to avoid heat-related illnesses.
It’s important to drink more water during a heat wave, even if you’re not thirsty, and avoid sugary and alcoholic drinks, which can cause dehydration. Stay informed by checking local news for extreme heat alerts and advice from experts. Know the symptoms of heat-related illnesses and take extra care of babies, young children, and older adults, who are most at risk during a heat wave.
In addition to these measures, it’s important to avoid staying inside parked cars, as they can heat up quickly in high temperatures. Sunscreen, wide-brimmed hats, and sunglasses can also help protect you from the heat when outdoors. By following these prevention measures, you can stay safe and healthy during a heat wave.
Image Source: www.infobae.com
Weather, Travel, Health