Peru’s Government Calls for Constitution Reform at 30th Anniversary


News Team

The 30th anniversary of the 1993 Constitution in Peru was celebrated by the Congress and the Government in Parliament. President Dina Boluarte was not present at the event, and the president of the Council of Ministers, Alberto Otárola, spoke about the need to reform the Constitution to improve the governability and stability of the country.

Otárola emphasized the importance of promoting reform mechanisms to address the model that has led to conflicts between the Legislature and the Executive in recent years. He specifically mentioned the use of the tool of moral incapacity by Congress to try to remove presidents, which has been subject to varied interpretations contrary to the spirit of the Constitution.

In his speech, Otárola proposed the establishment of a mechanism to address permanent moral or physical incapacity that is incompatible with the exercise of the presidential function. This would provide objective causes to proceed with the potential dismissal of the President of the Republic.

According to Peruvian law, new ministerial cabinets are required to request a vote of confidence in the plenary session of Parliament within 30 days of being sworn into office. The president also has the authority to dissolve Parliament if it censures or denies a vote of confidence to two cabinets of the Government.

Otárola also highlighted the importance of reestablishing bicameralism and commended Congress for reaching a historic agreement to propose the return of two chambers and parliamentary re-election.

Keiko Fujimori, the leader of Fuerza Popular, expressed support for the return of bicameralism and emphasized the need to adapt the Constitution to the changes in society over the past 30 years. She also recognized the 1993 Constitution as an important tool for addressing hyperinflation, terrorism, and promoting peace and development.

The event was not without controversy, as some attendees used the occasion to criticize Boluarte and the Executive. However, the focus of the event remained on the need for constitutional reform to address the challenges facing Peru.

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